Comparison of Different Recruitment Methods for Sexual and Reproductive Health Research: Social Media–Based Versus Conventional Methods

Background: Prior research about the sexual and reproductive health of young women has relied mostly on self-reported survey studies. Thus, participant recruitment using Web-based methods can improve sexual and reproductive health research about cervical cancer prevention. In our prior study, we reported that Facebook is a promising way to reach young women for sexual and reproductive health research. However, it remains unknown whether Web-based or other conventional recruitment methods (ie, face-to-face or flyer distribution) yield comparable survey responses from similar participants. Objective: We conducted a survey to determine whether there was a difference in the sexual and reproductive health survey responses of young Japanese women based on recruitment methods: social media–based and conventional methods. Methods: From July 2012 to March 2013 (9 months), we invited women of ages 16-35 years in Kanagawa, Japan, to complete a Web-based questionnaire. They were recruited through either a social media–based (social networking site, SNS, group) or by conventional methods (conventional group). All participants enrolled were required to fill out and submit their responses through a Web-based questionnaire about their sexual and reproductive health for cervical cancer prevention. Results: Of the 243 participants, 52.3% (127/243) were recruited by SNS, whereas 47.7% (116/243) were recruited by conventional methods. We found no differences between recruitment methods in responses to behaviors and attitudes to sexual and reproductive health survey, although more participants from the conventional group (15%, 14/95) chose not to answer the age of first intercourse compared with those from the SNS group (5.2%, 6/116; P=.03). Conclusions: No differences were found between recruitment methods in the responses of young Japanese women to a Web–based sexual and reproductive health survey.
Journal of Medical Internet Research

Image from page 97 of “Modern plumbing illustrated : a comprehensive and thoroughly practical work on the modern and most approved methods of plumbing construction …” (1907)

Image from page 97 of “Modern plumbing illustrated : a comprehensive and thoroughly practical work on the modern and most approved methods of plumbing construction …” (1907)
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Identifier: modernplumbingilstar
Title: Modern plumbing illustrated : a comprehensive and thoroughly practical work on the modern and most approved methods of plumbing construction …
Year: 1907 (1900s)
Authors: Starbuck, R. M. (Robert Macy), 1844-1927
Subjects: Plumbing
Publisher: New York : N.W. Henley
Contributing Library: Boston College Libraries
Digitizing Sponsor: Boston Library Consortium Member Libraries

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j^^ j^i ^^^. p>ipe -SupcS/iftiisQ SUPPORTING AND RUNNING OF SOIL PIPE Too much care cannot be exercised in the running and support-ing of soil pipes. They are generally made tight by caulked leadjoints, which are easily made defective when moved in any way,owing to the great weight and leverage of the pipe. Few plumbingsystems that have been in use for a number of years would showperfect joints under test, and in many cases this condition is due toimperfect supporting of the pipe. When a vertical line drops to the cellar bottom, it should restupon a thick flagging or upon a brick or stone foundation, as in Fig. E. Care should be taken in building such a pier during the winterseason that there is no frost beneath it, which would allow the pierand stack to settle when it thawed. Brick or stone piers should also support a horizontal line run-ning above the cellar bottom, particularly at points where verticalstacks enter it. The use of piers to support horizontal lines runningbelow the

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Evaluation Methods for Assessing Users’ Psychological Experiences of Web-Based Psychosocial Interventions: A Systematic Review

Background: The use of Web-based interventions to deliver mental health and behavior change programs is increasingly popular. They are cost-effective, accessible, and generally effective. Often these interventions concern psychologically sensitive and challenging issues, such as depression or anxiety. The process by which a person receives and experiences therapy is important to understanding therapeutic process and outcomes. While the experience of the patient or client in traditional face-to-face therapy has been evaluated in a number of ways, there appeared to be a gap in the evaluation of patient experiences of therapeutic interventions delivered online. Evaluation of Web-based artifacts has focused either on evaluation of experience from a computer Web-design perspective through usability testing or on evaluation of treatment effectiveness. Neither of these methods focuses on the psychological experience of the person while engaged in the therapeutic process. Objective: This study aimed to investigate what methods, if any, have been used to evaluate the in situ psychological experience of users of Web-based self-help psychosocial interventions. Methods: A systematic literature review was undertaken of interdisciplinary databases with a focus on health and computer sciences. Studies that met a predetermined search protocol were included. Results: Among 21 studies identified that examined psychological experience of the user, only 1 study collected user experience in situ. The most common method of understanding users’ experience was through semistructured interviews conducted posttreatment or questionnaires administrated at the end of an intervention session. The questionnaires were usually based on standardized tools used to assess user experience with traditional face-to-face treatment. Conclusions: There is a lack of methods specified in the literature to evaluate the interface between Web-based mental health or behavior change artifacts and users. Main limitations in the research were the nascency of the topic and cross-disciplinary nature of the field. There is a need to develop and deliver methods of understanding users’ psychological experiences while using an intervention.
Journal of Medical Internet Research