Jornada Connected Health

Jornada Connected Health
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Nuevos materiales, tecnologías y servicios con los que superar los retos que plantea la transformación de los sistemas sanitarios y la mejora de la calidad de vida de los pacientes.

Performance differences between IPOs in new industries and IPOs in established industries

  Biowebspin, September 29th, 2016

Performance differences between IPOs in new industries and IPOs in established industries

by James Ang, Carol Boyer in Emerald insight, 2016

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide a unique approach to examining issues related to initial public offerings (IPOs). Design/methodology/approach – The price behavior of IPOs in new industries is analyzed relative to IPOs in established industries. Findings – The results show that there are fundamental differences between IPOs of companies in new industries and those in established industries in that there is greater uncertainty regarding future earnings, less competition and fewer barriers to entry. The results indicate that IPOs in new industries outperform IPOs in established industries during holding periods of one to ten years. Furthermore, IPOs in new industries tend to merge less often, declare bankruptcy less often and are delisted less often than firms conducting an IPO in established industries. Originality/value – A longitudinal approach allows analysis of IPOs of firms relative to other IPOs within the same industry that occurred before or after. By performing such a longitudinal study, issues could be examined which would not have been possible to analyze using a cross section of IPOs from a single time period. The usefulness of this study is that it provides new information to the investor when selecting between IPOs in new or established industries, and also when selecting among IPOs of firms entering a new industry in the early, middle or latter stage of its market cycle. Keywords Flotation of companies, Returns, Investment appraisal Paper type Research paper

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Exploring the Relationship Between Online Social Network Site Usage and the Impact on Quality of Life for Older and Younger Users: An Interaction Analysis

Background: Analyzing content generated by users of social network sites has been shown to be beneficial across a number of disciplines. Such analysis has revealed the precise behavior of users that details their distinct patterns of engagement. An issue is evident whereby without direct engagement with end users, the reasoning for anomalies can only be the subject of conjecture. Furthermore, the impact of engaging in social network sites on quality of life is an area which has received little attention. Of particular interest is the impact of online social networking on older users, which is a demographic that is specifically vulnerable to social isolation. A review of the literature reveals a lack of knowledge concerning the impact of these technologies on such users and even less is known regarding how this impact varies across different demographics. Objective: The objective of our study was to analyze user interactions and to survey the attitudes of social network users directly, capturing data in four key areas: (1) functional usage, (2) behavioral patterns, (3) technology, and (4) quality of life. Methods: An online survey was constructed, comprising 32 questions. Each question directly related to a research question. Respondents were recruited through a variety of methods including email campaigns, Facebook advertisements, and promotion from related organizations. Results: In total, data was collected from 919 users containing 446 younger and 473 older users. In comparison to younger users, a greater proportion of older users (289/473, 61.1% older vs 218/446, 48.9% younger) (P<.001) stated that Facebook had either a positive or huge impact on their quality of life. Furthermore, a greater percentage of older users strongly agreed that Facebook strengthened their relationship with other people (64/473, 13.5% older vs 40/446, 9.0%younger) (P=.02). In comparison to younger users, a greater proportion of older users had more positive emotions—classified as slightly better or very good—during their engagement with Facebook (186/473, 39.3% older vs 120/446, 26.9% younger) (P<.001). Conclusions: The results reveal that despite engaging at considerably lower rates with significantly fewer connections, older users gain a greater quality-of-life benefit. Results disclose how both cohorts vary in their use, interactions, and rationale for engaging with Facebook. Journal of Medical Internet Research

Design and Testing of BACRA, a Web-Based Tool for Middle Managers at Health Care Facilities to Lead the Search for Solutions to Patient Safety Incidents

Background: Lack of time, lack of familiarity with root cause analysis, or suspicion that the reporting may result in negative consequences hinder involvement in the analysis of safety incidents and the search for preventive actions that can improve patient safety. Objective: The aim was develop a tool that enables hospitals and primary care professionals to immediately analyze the causes of incidents and to propose and implement measures intended to prevent their recurrence. Methods: The design of the Web-based tool (BACRA) considered research on the barriers for reporting, review of incident analysis tools, and the experience of eight managers from the field of patient safety. BACRA’s design was improved in successive versions (BACRA v1.1 and BACRA v1.2) based on feedback from 86 middle managers. BACRA v1.1 was used by 13 frontline professionals to analyze incidents of safety; 59 professionals used BACRA v1.2 and assessed the respective usefulness and ease of use of both versions. Results: BACRA contains seven tabs that guide the user through the process of analyzing a safety incident and proposing preventive actions for similar future incidents. BACRA does not identify the person completing each analysis since the password introduced to hide said analysis only is linked to the information concerning the incident and not to any personal data. The tool was used by 72 professionals from hospitals and primary care centers. BACRA v1.2 was assessed more favorably than BACRA v1.1, both in terms of its usefulness (z=2.2, P=.03) and its ease of use (z=3.0, P=.003). Conclusions: BACRA helps to analyze incidents of safety and to propose preventive actions. BACRA guarantees anonymity of the analysis and reduces the reluctance of professionals to carry out this task. BACRA is useful and easy to use.
Journal of Medical Internet Research

Philadelphia onderzoekt sociale robot in de zorg

Philadelphia gaat als eerste organisatie voor mensen met een verstandelijke beperking een eigen sociale robot inzetten. Met robot Phi wil Philadelphia onderzoeken of en hoe de zorg kan verbeteren. Het bijzondere is dat de sociale robot met eigen software op maat wordt geprogrammeerd. De inhoudelijke bijdrage van wat Phi moet kunnen komt dus helemaal van […]
DigitaleZorg.nl

Image from page 289 of “Christian Century” (1920)

Image from page 289 of “Christian Century” (1920)
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Identifier: christiancentury371unse
Title: Christian Century
Year: 1920 (1920s)
Authors:
Subjects: Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) — Periodicals
Publisher: Christian Century Co.
Contributing Library: Disciples Divinity House of the University of Chicago
Digitizing Sponsor: CARLI: Consortium of Academic and Research Libraries in Illinois

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Text Appearing After Image:
= Last year we E cared for 1257 E of your homeless Children, E E Mothers, Aged Sick, and of- s E flirted ones, and turned away E E twice that many. E THE NUMBER THIS YEAR = will depend on your Easter gifts. E E Make them as large as possible E E and thus feed the hungry—In E E His Name. ERemember the address:CHRISTIAN WOMANS = BENEVOLENT ASSOCIATION E E 6600 Washington Avenue, E E St. Louis, Mo. E ti 111111111111! 11 f 1 f 1111 r 111111111 < 1; 1111111 f 11 ii 11111 nr i^miimniwnmmmfflranMU^BiiiiH^iiiiiiii™! iiiRimir

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Evaluation of a Serious Self-Regulation Game Intervention for Overweight-Related Behaviors (“Balance It”): A Pilot Study

Background: Serious games have the potential to promote health behavior. Because overweight is still a major issue among secondary vocational education students in the Netherlands, this study piloted the effects of “Balance It,” a serious self-regulation game intervention targeting students’ overweight-related behaviors: dietary intake and physical activity (PA). Objective: We aimed to pilot the effects of Balance It on secondary vocational education students’ dietary intake and PA. Methods: In total, 501 secondary vocational education students participated at baseline (intervention: n=250; control: n=251) in this pre-post cluster randomized trial. After 4 weeks, at immediate posttest, 231 students filled in the posttest questionnaire (intervention: n=105; control: n=126). The sample had a mean age of 17.28 (SD 1.26, range 15-21) years, 62.8% (145/231) were female, and 26.8% (62/231) had a non-Dutch background. Body mass index (BMI kg/m2) ranged from 14.4 to 31.1 (mean 21.1, SD 3.3). The intervention and control groups were compared on the primary (behavioral) outcomes of dietary intake (fruit and vegetable consumption, snack consumption, and soft drink consumption) and PA (moderate and vigorous). Additionally, we explored (1) differences between the intervention and control groups in determinants of dietary intake and PA, including attitude, self-efficacy, intention, barrier identification, action planning, and action control, and (2) differences between active (intervention) users and the control group in dietary intake, PA, and associated determinants. Results: After corrections for multiple testing, we did not find significant differences between the intervention group and control group in terms of dietary intake, PA, and determinants of dietary intake and PA. Exploratory research indicated that only 27.6% (29/105) of the intervention group reported actual intervention use (ie, active users). For exploratory reasons, we compared the active users (n=29) with the control group (n=124) and corrected for multiple testing. Results showed that active users’ snack consumption decreased more strongly (active users: mean change=–0.20; control group: mean change=–0.08; beta=–0.36, P=.01, R2 change=.05), and their use of active transport had a stronger increase (active users: mean change=0.92; control group=–0.12; beta=1.58, P=.02, R2 change=.03) than the control group. Results also revealed significant differences in action planning (active users: mean change=0.42; control group: mean change=0.07; beta=0.91, P=.01, R2 change=.04) and action control (active users: mean change=0.63; control group: mean change=–0.05; beta=1.25, P=.001, R2 change=.08) in terms of unhealthy eating. Conclusions: The Balance It intervention did not show favorable effects on dietary intake and PA compared to the control condition. However, only a small number of people in the intervention condition actually used Balance It (27.6%). Exploratory analyses did suggest that, if used as planned, Balance It could contribute to changing dietary intake and PA behaviors, albeit it remains debatable whether this would be sufficient to prevent overweight.
Journal of Medical Internet Research

Praat mee over participatie van jongeren en ouders op de Voor de Jeugd Dag

Graag ontmoeten wij u 3 oktober op de Voor de Jeugd Dag bij de ZonMw-stand. Daar gaan we met bezoekers in gesprek over participatie van jongeren en hun ouders in onderzoek.
ZonMw: Nieuws

Professional Use of Social Media by Pharmacists: A Qualitative Study

Background: Social media is frequently used by consumers and health care professionals; however, our knowledge about its use in a professional capacity by pharmacists is limited. Objective: Our aim was to investigate the professional use of social media by pharmacists. Methods: In-depth semistructured interviews were conducted with practicing pharmacists (N=31) from nine countries. Interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and thematically analyzed. Results: Wikipedia, YouTube, and Facebook were the main social media platforms used. Professional use of social media included networking with peers, discussion of health and professional topics, accessing and sharing health and professional information, job searching, and professional promotion. Wikipedia was the participants’ first choice when seeking information about unfamiliar topics, or topics that were difficult to search for. Very few pharmacy-related contributions to Wikipedia were reported. YouTube, a video-sharing platform, was used for self-education. University lectures, “how-to” footage, and professionally made videos were commonly watched. No professional contribution was made to YouTube. Facebook, a general social networking site, was used for professional networking, promotion of achievements, and job advertisements. It also afforded engagement in professional discussions and information sharing among peers. Conclusions: Participants used social media in a professional capacity, specifically for accessing and sharing health and professional information among peers. Pharmacists, as medicines experts, should take a leading role in contributing to health information dissemination in these user-friendly virtual environments, to reach not only other health care professionals but also health consumers.
Journal of Medical Internet Research

Frugal innovation, sustainable innovation, reverse innovation: why do they look alike? Why are they different?

  Biowebspin, September 21th, 2016

Frugal innovation, sustainable innovation, reverse innovation: why do they look alike? Why are they different?

by Christian Le Bas in Journal of Innovation Economics & Management, 2016

This paper is about three types of innovation that are emerging in the landscape of innovation studies: frugal innovation (FI), sustainable innovation (SI) and reverse innovation (RI).

The three types of innovation under observation are basically concerned with economic development and growth. There is a unifying feature, in that developing economies are at the source of two of the three: frugal innovation and reverse innovation. Moreover, the third, sustainable innovation, also has many implications for development and firm strategy in emerging economies. In other words, globalisation is at the forefront. We define, characterise, and discuss the role of these types of innovation. We examine the likely linkages that exist between them. We place the emphasis on the original characteristics supported by these very recent types of innovation. These fit well with the constraints arising in the new context, both in developed and developing countries, in particular with environmental concerns. In a sense they are not directly comparable to others.

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